|The Nervous System|
|© 2011 Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Pain, tingling, or itching at the site of the bite wound or other site of viral entry
- Stiff muscles
- Increased production of thick saliva
- Flu-like symptoms, such as headache, fever, fatigue, nausea
- Painful spasms and contractions of the throat when exposed to water (called hydrophobia)
- Erratic, excited, or bizarre behavior
- Erratic behavior, often overly aggressive or vicious
- Disorientation (eg, nocturnal animal such as a bat or fox appearing in daylight)
- See a doctor or contact a public health official immediately
- Animal's species
- Where the encounter took place
- Other factors
- Wash the wound immediately with plenty of soap and water. This will remove saliva. It is the most important first step you can take in preventing rabies.
- Call your doctor or seek care in an emergency room.
- Postexposure prophylaxis—treatment to prevent illness from developing
Human Rabies Immune Globulin (HRIG)
Other Rabies Vaccines
- Human diploid cell vaccine (HDCV)
- Rabies vaccine adsorbed (RVA)
- Purified chick embryo cell culture (PCEC)
- Vaccinate house pets.
- Avoid contact with wild animals.
- Do not touch any wild animal. Avoid it even if it appears to be dead.
- Seal basement, porch, and attic openings. This will prevent an animal from entering your home.
- Report any animal to your local animal control if it is acting strange or appears sick.
- If you often come in contact with potentially rabid animals, get the rabies vaccine before exposure. Booster doses are often needed.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://www.cdc.gov/
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/
Safe Canada http://www.safecanada.ca/
Hankins DG and Rosekrans JA. Overview, prevention, and treatment of rabies. Mayo Clin Proc . 2004;79(5):671-676.
Rabies. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/rabies . Accessed October 14, 2005.
Rabies. DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Accessed October 14, 2005.
3/26/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Use of a reduced (4-dose) vaccine schedule for postexposure prophylaxis to prevent human rabies. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep . 2010;59(2):1.
- Reviewer: Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt, MD
- Review Date: 12/2011 -
- Update Date: 12/30/2011 -